Dharama Cakra

Dharama Cakra

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                During prehistoric days the greatest invention was the wheel. It made the movement of men and material faster and easier. It made the use of manpower and animal power more effective. It also made the movement of heavy blocks possible.

                The first people to make meaningful use of the wheel were Aryans from central Asia. They moved into Indian subcontinent and established kingdoms. The use of wheel gave them superior power and mobility. So their leader was hailed as Cakaravarti meaning owner of wheel and the description became synonymous with powerful. In Myanmar folklore it became “Test kya vaday minn.” From simple aid to movement it became power to rule.

                Just after His enlightenment Lord Buddha gave His first sermon at Migdawun (the stag woods) to five disciples (Panca Waggies). That sermon became known as Dharma Cakra Suttra. As a commemoration of that first sermon the wheel or Dharma Cakra appeared on all Buddhist shrines and edifices. During the 3rd Century Before Christ the Great Emperor Asoka and a lot of his Aryan subjects embraced Buddhism.

                The Great Emperor Asoka raised a monument at Migdawun where Lord Buddha gave His First sermon of Dharma Cakra Suttra. It is a pillar with four lions standing above four wheels facing four cardinal points of compass. Just below the wheels there are upturned lotus petals, another symbols with a long association with Buddhism and holiness. The circle of upturned lotus petals adds beauty, grace and holiness to the Asoka Monument.

                The wheel also has other connotations. Basic cycle of birth, death and reincarnation is samsara and it is shown as a wheel. Sculptors carve statues of Lord Buddha with both hands level with the chest and fingers of one hand or sometimes both hands forming circles. That fingers’ configuration is known as Dharma Cakra Mudra. (Mudra means hands’ and fingers’ position, and configuration) In some Buddhist Lands wheel is found on Lord Buddha’s foot print, or on palm print.

Sourced: Myanmar Culture Traditions and Scenery, Cultural Varieties
by U Than P
e, Tour guide

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